(this is a sketch, i hope to flesh this article in)
34 multicellular or syncitium or large euk/prok phylla
Oscillitoria grow sheets with morphology, marine groups form stromatolites, Nostoc etc... form gell colonies, various symbiotic forms with fungi, plants...
ANY OTHER BACTERIA THAT FORM DISTINCT COLONIES? I RECALL ONE OTHER
red algae in ocean there any freshwater?
Porphyria, Chondrus crispus, Polysiphonia, Ceramium, Corallina, Gigartina, Lithothamnion
green algae ocean and fresh
volvox, all the tiny colonies, cladophora on fishtanks, Ulva, Monostroma, Enteromorpha intestinalis, E. linza, Chaetomorpha linum, Codium fragile, feathery ones no big freshwater ulvos?
Klebsormidiophyta 40 ?
filiments, klebsormidium, stichococs, rhaphidonema, freshwater
Chaetosphaeridiophyta 4 ?
single celled connected by mucilage
Charophyta 81 Nitella, Chara
many chloroplasts, single vacuole, spiral cells arround oogonia, mostly freshwater
Coleochaetophyta 13 ?
setae multicelled resh water
Psilotum, Sphagnum, Polytrichales, acrocarps, pleurocarps, liverworts, hornworts, clubmosses, selaginacee, ferns, horsetails, gnetophytes, cycads, gingko, angiosperms
Zygnematophyta 4000 conjugatophyta
spyrogyra, aren't there macro patches of desmids? not a colony though
can see stentor, vorticella colonies are visible,
Dynophyta 2,200 marine
some colonies up to 8 long marine, most comon phtosynthetic symbiotes in corals, endosymbiotize many photosynthesizers, also endosymbioted by forams...
marine and fresh colonial, u can see fresh water colonies as brown rusty fuzz
Phaeophyta 900 spp? marine
Ascophylum, Fucus, Leathesia, Laminaria, Agarum, strings, sargassum
freshwater, no meiotic sex, some phagocytosis
diverse multicellularity, long and short undulis
mostly fresh, some terrestrial
single, multicell, sycytiums. vaucharia films on soil
freshwater and terrestrial parasites of fish and plants and also heterotrophs on rotting veg?
phytophthora, saprolegnia, achlya, plasmopara, peronospora, pythium
Plasmodiophorida 29? plasmodiophora
symbiotes in plants, feeding stage is cyncytium, zoospores with two unequal undulipodia, uninucleate cysts
Rhizidiomyces (parisitizes saprolegnia on fish)
single mastigonemate unduli, no sex, freshwater, soil
parasitize fungi, plants, insect carcasses
zoospores land on a victim, encyst and enter the host, grow into a cyncytium, eventually the cyncitium exits the host and cleaves into many small zoospores which disperse
ectos on sea grass
cells enclosed in outer membrane slime net, cytoplasms connected, slime net has cytoplasm? and microtubules!
no plastids, not amoeboid, sex, external digestion sends out enzymes
mostly marine, some marine cells cms large
NO COLONIAL? endosymbiotize lots of critters
Chlorachniophyta 6 ???
nucleomorph from ulvophytes
naked cells, joined by filopods into a plasmodium
capture and phagocytize prey
flagellated zoospores, single flagellum,
radiolarian colonies can be gigantic i don't know which group, confused, also they have varied endosymbiotes
the colonies are only marine?
Cephalothamnion cyclopum forms colonies of a dozen or so cells attached to a stalk.
Acrasia, Guttulina, guttulinopsis
terrestrial, stalk cells don't make cellulose, stay alive! can germinate.
Pocheina come out of spores and have 2 undulis. live on conifer bark and lichenized dead wood
Acytostelium, Dictyostelium, Polysphondylium, Coenonia
Terrestrial, stalk cells die and leave cellulose walls
cAMP signals, haploid amoeba
Fuligo, Lycogala, Physarum, Protostelia (?) Stemonitis
large terrestrial, freshwater syncytiums
Physoderma, chytria, Basidiobolus ranarum, Blastocladiella
tiny single celled syncitiums? how large?
1+ flagella, chitin , glucans
haplodiploid altern gens, quasi amoeboid phase
fresh water or soil
Mucor, Rhizopus, Phycomyces, Pilobolus, Entomophthora, Dactylaria catches nematodes
no cross walls, haploid, zygospores
terrestrial, some marine symbiotes of algae
ascus haploid, many have appeared to have abandoned sex (deuteros) parasexual cycle, crosswalls,
some aquatic, marine!
Verrucaria serpuloides is submerged marine
Dermatocarpon fluviatile and hydrothyria venosa grow in streams
haploid dikaron, basidium, doliopore septum
DON'T KNOW IF ANY AQUATIC
obligate symbionts of plant roots. arbuscular mycorrhyza, Geosiphon Pyriforme mm high symbiotes with Nostoc punctiforme some may mychorrhyze roots, Nostoc from liverwort Blasia and Plant Gunnera can also form these? odd!
Codosigidae: colonial naked cells
aquatic FRESH? MARINE?
land phyla: flatworms, chordates, arthropods, tardigrads, onychophorans, mollusks, annelids, nematodes, horsehair worms(parasitic), rotifers 10/35
Tendal, O. S. 72 "a monograph of xenophyophora" Galathea reports (???) 12:7-103
what are they? hard to collect intact, dna analysis? related to forams. large. syncytiums?
marine shell and forward mastigonemate undulli, other is smooth along cell. in cross section the kinetid has row of 10 mt, and row of 3.
tend to form colonies. no sex. similar to some chrysos
no cytostomes, lorica, tubulomitochondria. stalked, looks like a chaonoflagelate without collar.