Anybody read Lee Smolin's "the trouble with physics"?

http://www.thetroublewithphysics.com/

i'm reading it now, along with:Ken Croswell's "the universe at midnight"

tryin' to catch up on the last 25 years since i took my physical universe course in college.

finally i'm gonna learn what this dark matter nonsense is all about.

Smolin says physics has hit its first slump since newton! we haven't found anything new in the past 30 years. except this dark matter problem. of course in midrange physics, there has been high temp superconductors, bucky balls and study of all kinds of dissipative systems...

where should we be looking?

the question is, is Smolin's contention about the last 30 years reasonable? how do i peruse this list to decide?

every 10 years physics

1570's Tycho Brahe collects data on geometry of solar system

1581: Galileo Galilei, constancy of period of pendulum

1581: Robert Norman, dip of compass shows that Earth is a magnet

1589: Galileo Galilei, showed that objects fall at the same rate independent of mass

1590s ?

1604: Galileo Galilei, distance for falling object increases as square of time

1609: Johannes Kepler, 1st and 2nd laws of planetary motion

1609: Galileo Galilei, builds a telescope

1610: Galileo Galilei, observes the phases of Venus

1610: Galileo Galilei, observes moons of Jupiter

1610: Galileo Galilei, observes stars in the Milky Way

1613: Galileo Galilei, principle of inertia

1618: Francesco Grimaldi, interference and diffraction of light

1619: Johannes Kepler, 3rd law of planetary motion

1621: Willebrod Snell, the sine law of refraction

1624: Galileo Galilei, theory of tides

1626: Godfried Wendilin, verification of Kepler's laws for moons of Jupiter

1630: Cabaeus, attraction and repulsion of electric charges

1636: Marin Mersenne, speed of sound

1640: Evangelista Torricelli, theory of hydrodynamics

1641: Ferdinand II, sealed thermometer

1642: Blaise Pascal, mechanical calculator

1644: Evangelista Torricelli, mercury barometer and artificial vacuum

1645: Ismael Boulliau, inverse square law for central force acting on planets

1648: Blaise Pascal, explains barometer as a result of atmospheric pressure

?

1650s ?

1660: Robert Boyle, sound will not travel in a vacuum

1661: Robert Boyle, corpuscular theory of matter

1662: Robert Boyle, Boyle's law for ideal gases relating volume to pressure

1665: Isaac Newton, studies the principles of mechanics and gravity, mass and force

1665: Francesco Grimaldi, his wave theory of light is published

1665: Hooke, Huygens, colours of oil film explained by wave theory of light and interference

1665: Robert Boyle, air is necessary for candles to burn

1666: Isaac Newton, studies spectrum of light

1666: Isaac Newton, begins work on laws of mechanics and gravitation

1668: John Wallis, conservation of momentum

1671: Giovanni Cassini, accurate measurement of distance to Mars and scale of solar system

1672: Jean Richer, the period of a pendulum varies with latitude

1672: Isaac Newton, variation of pendulum is due to equatorial bulge

1673: Ignace Pardies, wave explanation for refraction of light

1676: Olaus Roemer, measured the speed of light by observing Jupiter's moons

1676: Robert Hooke, law of elasticity and springs

1676: Edme Mariotte, pressure is inversely proportional to volume (Boyle's law) and height of atmosphere

1678: Robert Hooke, inverse square law of gravity

1679: Christiaan Huygens, polarisation of light

1680: Isaac Newton, demonstrates that inverse square law implies eliptical orbits

1684: Isaac Newton, inverse square law and mass dependence of gravity

1687: Isaac Newton, publishes laws of motion and gravitation

1687: Isaac Newton, publishes analysis of sound propagation

1690s?

1702: Francis Hauksbee, rarified air glows during electrical discharge

1704: Isaac Newton, publishes corpuscular theory of light and colour

1714: Gottfreid Leibniz, energy conservation

1718: Edmund Halley, measures proper motion of stars

1720: Edmund Halley, early form of Olbers' paradox

1721: George Berkeley, space exists because of matter in it

1724: Gabriel Fahrenheit, supercooling of water

1727: Stephen Hales, makes oxygen

1728: James Bradley, speed of light and stellar aberration

1729: Stephen Gray, conduction of electricity

?

1733: Charles Du Fay, recognises distinction between positive and negative electric charge

1738: Daniel Bernoulli, kinetic theory of gas

1746: Leonhard Euler, wave theory of light refraction and dispersion

1747: d'Alembert, Euler, solution of equations for vibrating string

1748: Mikhail Lomonosov, conservation of mass and energy

1749: Thomas Melvill, early spectrscopy and yellow line of sodium in salt

1750: John Michell, magnetic induction

1750: John Michell, inverse square law for magnetic fields

1751: Benjamin Franklin, electricity can magnetise needles

1756: William Cullen, evaporation causes cooling

1761: Joseph Black, discovery and measurements of latent and specific heats

1766: Joseph Priestley, inverse square law for electric charge

1766: Henry Cavendish, hydrogen is an element

1771: Luigi Galvani, electricity in animals

1772: Antoine Lavoisier, conservation of mass in chemical reactions

1774: Nevil Maskelyne, gravitational deflection of plumb line by a mountain

1775: Alessandro Volta, electrical condenser

1777: Antoine Lavoisier, composition of air and burning as a chemical reaction

1781: William Herschel, discovery of Uranus

1781: Heinrich Olbers, Uranus is a planet, not a comet

1782: William Herschel, sun's motion through space

1784: Henry Cavendish, water is a compound of oxygen and hydrogen

1784: Pierre Laplace, electrostatic potential

1785: Charles Augustin de Coulomb, electric force proportional to product of charges and inverse square of distance

1786: Antoine Lavoisier, distinction between elements and compounds

1787: Jacques-Alexander Charles, law of gas expansion with temperature

1789: Antoine Lavoisier, Conservation of mass in chemical reactions

1796: Alessandro Volta, chemical batteries and voltage

1797: Henry Cavendish, measured the gravitational constant with a torsion balance

1798: Benjamin Thompson, heat generated equals work done

1798: Humphry Davy, Transmission of heat through vacuum

1798: Benjamin Rumford, experimental relation between work done and heat generated

1800: William Herschel, infrared rays from the Sun

1801: Johann Ritter, Ultraviolet rays

1801: Humphry Davy, Electric arc

1802: William Wollaston, dark lines in solar spectrum

1802: William Herschel, double stars are bodies in mutual orbit

1802: Thomas Young, interference and wave description of light

1802: Humphry Davy, Electrochemistry

1802: Joseph Gay-Lussac, Relation of Volume to Temperature of gases at fixed pressure

1811: Amedeo Avogadro, molecular theory of gases and Avogadro's law

1815: William Prout, atomic weights of elements are multiples of that for hydrogen

1816: Joseph von Fraunhofer, absorption lines in sun's spectrum

1817: Young and Fresnel, transverse nature of light

1819: Dulong and Petit, relation of specific heats to atomic weight in 12 solid elements

1820: Andre Ampere, force on an electric current in a magnetic field

1820: Hans Christian Oersted, an electric current deflects a magnetised needle

1820: Biot and Savart, force law between an electric current and a magnetic field

1821: Thomas Seebeck, thermocouple and thermoelectricity

1821: Michael Faraday, plotted the magnetic field around a conductor

1822: Andre Ampere, two wires with electric currents attract

1823: John William Herschel, suggests identification of chemical composition from spectrum

1824: Sadi Carnot, Heat transfer goes from hot body to cold body

1827: Robert Brown, Brownian motion

1829: Thomas Graham, gas diffusion law

1830: Charles Lyell, proposition that Earth is several million years old

1831: Michael Faraday, a moving magnet induces an electric current

1831: Michael Faraday, magnetic lines of force

1833: Michael Faraday, laws of electrolysis

1833: Joseph Henry, self inductance

1838: Bessel, Henderson, Struve, first measurements of distance to a star by parallax

1842: Christian Doppler theory of Doppler Effect for sound and light

1842: Justin von Mayer Conservation of heat and mechanical energy

1843: James Joule mechanical and electrical equivalent of heat

1845: Michael Faraday, rotation of polarised light by magnetism

1845: Christopher Buys-Ballet, confirmation of Doppler effect for sound using trumpeters on a train

1846: William Thomson (Kelvin), Incorrectly estimates Earth to be 100 million years old by heat

1848: James Joule average velocity of gas molecules from kinetic theory

1849: Armand Fizeau first accurate measurement of the velocity of light in the laboratory using a toothed wheel

1850: Jean Foucault, light travels slower in water than in air

1850: Michael Faraday, experiments to find link between gravity and electromagnetism fail

1851: William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), dynamical theory of heat

1851: William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), absolute zero temperature

1851: Jean Foucault, demonstrates rotation of Earth with a pendulum

1853: Anders Angstrom, measured hydrogen spectral lines

1855: James Clerk Maxwell, mathematics of Faraday's lines of force

1858: Wallace and Darwin, natural selection of species

1859: Hittorf and Plucker, cathode rays

1859: Bunsen and Kirchhoff, measurement of spectral line frequencies

1859: Urbain Le Verrier, anomolous perihelion shift of Mercury

1860: Gustav Kirchhoff, Kirchoff's Law and black body problem

1860: Maxwell and Waterston, equipartition theorem of statistical mechanics

1862: Anders Angstrom, observed hydrogen in the sun

1863: William Huggins, stellar spectra indicate that stars are made of same elements as found on Earth

1864: John Newlands, chemical law of octaves

1864: James Clerk Maxwell, equations of electromagnetic wave propagation in the ether

1867: James Clerk Maxwell, statistical physics and thermal equilibrium

1868: William Huggins, Doppler shifts of stellar spectra

1869: Dmitri Mendeleyev, periodic table of elements

1871: Dmitri Mendeleyev, prediction of new elements such as scandium, germanium, technetium, francium and gallium

1871: Ludwig Boltzmann, classical explanation of Dulong-Petit specific heats

1873: James Clerk Maxwell, electromagnetic nature of light and prediction of radio waves

1874: George Stoney, estimated the unit of charge and named it the electron

1877: Ludwig Boltzmann, Boltzmann's probability equation for entropy

1879: Josef Stefan, empirical discovery of total radiation law, (Stefan's law)

1879: Willaim Crookes, cathode rays may be negatively charged particles

1879: Albert Michelson, improved measurements of the speed of light

1880: Pierre and Jacques Curie, piezoelectricity

1881: Albert Michelson, light interferometer and absence of ether drift

1883: Ivan Puluy, prior discovery of X-rays

1884: Ludwig Boltzmann, Derivation of Stefan's law for black bodies

1885: Johann Balmer, empirical formula for hydrogen spectral lines

1887: Heinrich Hertz, transmission, reception and reflection of radio waves

1887: Michelson and Morley, absence of ether drift

1887: Michelson and Morley, fine structure of hydrogen spectrum

1887: Hertz, Hallwachs, photoelectric effect

1889: Rolond von Eotvos, torsion balance to test equivalence of inertial and gravitational mass

1890: Johannes Rydberg, empirical formulae for spectral lines and Rydberg constant

1893: Wilhelm Wien, derivation of black body displacement law

1894: Heinrich Hertz, radio waves travel at speed of light and can be refracted and polarised

1895: Jean-Baptiste Perrin, Cathode rays are negative particles

1895: Pierre Curie, loss of magnetism at high temperature, (Curie point)

1896: Pieter Zeeman, spectral line splitting by magnetic field

1896: Antoine Henri Becquerel, natural radioactivity in uranium ore

1897: Kaufmann, J.J. Thomson, measurement of electron charge to mass ratio by deflection of cathode rays

1898: Ernest Rutherford, alpha and beta radiation

1899: Joseph John Thomson, measurement of the charge and mass of the electron

1900: Lord Rayleigh, statistical derivation of short wavelength black body law

1900: Ernest Rutherford, first determination of a radioactive half-life

1900: Antoine Henri Becquerel, suggests that beta rays are electrons

1900: Lummer, Pringsheim, Rubens, Kurlbaum, failure of Wien's black body law at short wavelengths

1900: Max Planck, light quanta in black body radiation, Planck's black body law and Planck's constant

1900: Paul Villard, gamma rays

1900: Friedrich Dorn, element 86, radon

1900: Pyotr Lebedev, radiation pressure measured

1901: Max Planck, determination of Planck's constant, Boltzmann's constant, Avogadro's number and the charge on electron

1902: Philipp Lenard, intensity law in photoelectric effect

1902: Heaviside and Kennelly, Ionised layer capable of reflecting radio waves

1903: Ernest Rutherford, alpha particles have a positive charge

1903: Curie and Laborde, radioactive energy released by radium is large

1904: Albert Einstein, energy-frequency relation of light quanta

1904: Ernest Rutherford, age of Earth by radioactvity dating

1905: Albert Einstein, explains Brownian motion by kinetic theory

1905: Albert Einstein, light-quantum theory for photoelectric law

1905: Albert Einstein, special relativity

1905: Bragg and Kleeman, alpha-particles have discrete energies

1905: Albert Einstein, equivalence of mass and energy

1906: Albert Einstein, quantum explanation of specific heat laws for solids

1906: Joseph Thomson, Thomson scattering of X-ray photons and number of electrons in an atom

1907: Albert Einstein, equivalence principle and gravitational redshift

1908: Geiger, Royds, Rutherford, identify alpha particles as helium nuclei

1909: Johannes Stark, momentum of photons

1909: Geiger and Marsden, anomolous scattering of alpha particles on gold foil

1909: Robert Millikan, measured the charge on the electron

1911: Victor Hess, high altitude radiation from space

1911: Heike Kammerlingh-Onnes, superconductivity

1911: Ernest Rutherford, Infers the nucleus from the alpha scattering result

1912: Joseph Thomson, mass spectrometry and separation of isotopes

1912: Henrietta Leavitt, period to luminosity relationship for Cepheid variable stars

1912: Robert Millikan, measurement of Planck's constant

1912: Max Von Laue, X-rays are explained as electromagnetic radiation by diffraction

1912: Vesto Melvin Slipher, observes blue-shift of andromeda galaxy

1913: Niels Bohr, quantum theory of atomic orbits

1913: Jean-Baptiste Perrin, theory of size of atoms and molecules

1913: Bragg and Bragg, X-ray diffraction and crystal structure

1913: Hans Geiger, relation of atomic number to nuclear charge

1913: Johannes Stark, splitting of hydrogen spectral lines in electric field

1914: James Chadwick, primary beta spectrum is continuous and shows an energy anomaly

1914: Harry Moseley, used X-rays to confirm the correspondence between electric charge of nucleus and atomic number

1914: Ejnar Hertzsprung, measured distance to Large Magellanic Cloud using Cepheid variable stars

1914: Rutherford, da Costa Andrade, gamma rays identified as hard photons

1915: Albert Einstein, prediction of light bending and explanation for perihelion shift of mercury

1916: Robert Millikan, verification of energy law in photoelectric effect

1916: Arnold Sommerfeld, Further atomic quantum numbers and fine structure of spectra, fine structure constant

1917: Vesto Melvin Slipher, observes that most galaxies have red-shifts

1917: Arthur Eddington, gravitational energy is insufficient to account for the energy output of stars

1917: Rutherford, Marsden, artificial transmutation, hydrogen and oxygen from nitrogen

1918: Harlow Shapley, measured distance to globular clusters using Cepheid variable stars

1918: Harlow Shapley, determined the size and shape of our galaxy

1919: Ernest Rutherford, existence of the proton in nucleus

1919: Francis Aston, hydrogen fusion to helium will release a lot of energy

1919: Crommelin, Eddington, verification of Einstein's prediction of starlight deflection during an eclipse

1920: Harkins, Eddington, Fusion of hydrogen could be the energy source of stars

1921: Bieler and Chadwick, evidence for a strong nuclear interaction

1921: Stern and Gerlach, measurement of atomic magnetic moments

1923: Compton and Debye, theory of Compton effect

1923: Arthur Compton, verification of Compton effect confirms photon as particle

1923: Louis de Broglie, predicts wave nature of particles

1923: Davisson and Kunsman, electron diffraction

1924: Edwin Hubble, measured the distance to other galaxies using Cepheid variables proving that they lie outside our own

1924: Wolfgang Pauli, explanation of Zeeman effect and two-valuedness of electron state

1925: Walter Elsasser, explanation of electron diffraction as wave property of matter

1925: Vesto Melvin Slipher, red-shifts of galaxies suggest a distance/velocity relationship

1925: Robert Millikan, rediscovery of "cosmic rays" in upper atmosphere

1925: Werner Heisenberg, transition amplitude theory of quantum mechanics

1925: Born and Jordan, matrix interpretation of Heisenberg's quantum mechanics

1925: Goudsmit and Uhlenbeck, electron spin

1926: Wolfgang Pauli, derivation of spectrum of hydrogen atom by matrix methods

1926: Erwin Schroedinger, the particle wave equation

1926: Erwin Schroedinger, derivation of spectrum of hydrogen atom using the wave equation

1926: Max Born, probability interpretation of wave function

1926: Paul Dirac, distinction between bosons and fermions, symmetry and anti-symmetry of wave function

1926: Ralph Fowler, suggests that white dwarf stars are explained by the exclusion principle

1926: Werner Heisenberg, the uncertainty principle

1927: Davisson, Germer, Thomson, verification of electron diffraction by a crystal

1927: Paul Dirac, quantisation of electromagnetic field, bosonic creation and anihilation operators, virtual particles, zero point energy

1927: Eugene Wigner, conservation of parity

1928: Paul Dirac, relativistic equation of the spin-half electron

1928: Willem Keeson, phase transition in liquid Helium

1929: Edwin Hubble, first measurement of Hubble's constant leading to the conclusion that the Universe is expanding

1929: Bothe, Kolhorster, cosmic rays are charged particles

1930: Becker, Bothe, observed neutral rays later identified as neutrons

1931: Wolfgang Pauli, neutrino as explanation for missing energy and spin in weak nuclear decay

1932: Raman and Bhagavantam, Verification that photon is spin one

1932: James Chadwick, identified the neutron

1932: Carl Anderson, positron from cosmic rays

1932: Cockroft and Walton, linear proton accelerators to 700 keV and verification of mass/energy equivalence

1932: Karl Jansky, first radio astronomy

1932: Dmitri Iwanenko, Neutron as a constituent of nucleus

1932: Werner Heisenberg, Nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons

1933: Blackett and Occhialini, electron-positron creation and annihilation

1933: Esterman, Frisch and Stern, measurement of proton magnetic moment

1933: Baade and Zwicky, collapse of a white dwarf may set off a supernova and leave a neutron star

1933: Fritz Zwicky, dark matter in galactic clusters

1934: Chadwick and Goldhaber, precise measurement of neutron mass

1934: Chadwick and Goldhaber, measurement of nuclear force

1934: Francis Perrin, neutrino is massless

1934: Esterman and Stern, magnetic moment of neutron

1934: Fermi and Hahn, fission observed

1937: Pyotr Kapitza, superfluidity of helium II

1939: Bloch and Alvarez, measurement of the neutron magnetic moment

1939: Rossi, Van Norman, Hilbery, Muon decay

1941: Rossi and Hall, Muon decay used to verify relativistic time dilation

1944: Lars Onsager, general theory of phase transitions

1946: James Hey Discovery of radio source Cygnus A

1947: Powell, Occhialini, negative pion found

1947: Willis Lamb, fine structure of hydrogen spectrum, the Lamb shift

1947: Hans Bethe, renormalisation of Lamb shift calculation

1947: Kusch and Folley, measurement of the anomolous magnetic moment of the electron

1948: Tomonaga, Schwinger, Feynman, renormalisation of QED

1948: Goldhaber and Goldhaber, experimental proof that beta particles are electrons

1948: Snell and Miller, Decay of the neutron

1949: Leighton, Anderson, Seriff, Muon is spin half

1952: Walter Baade, resolves confusion over two different types of Cepheid variable stars

1952: Joseph Weber, described the principle of the maser

1953: Gell-Mann and Nishijima, strangeness

1953: Gerard de Vaucouleurs, galaxy superclusters and large scale inhomogenieties

1953: Charles Townes, maser

1955: Martin Ryle, radio telescope interferometry

1955: Ilya Prigogine, thermodynamics of irreversible processes

1955: Chamberlain, Segre and Wiegand anti-proton

1956: Reines and Cowan, neutrino detection

1956: Cork, Lambertson, Piccioni, Wenzel, evidence for anti-neutron

1956: Block, Lee and Yang, weak interaction could violate parity

1956: Reines and Cowan, anti-neutrino detection

1956: Cook, Lambertson, Piconi, Wentzel, anti-neutron

1957: Friedman, Lederman, Telegdi, Wu, parity violation in weak decays

1957: Bardeen, Cooper, Schrieffer, BCS theory of superconductivity

1960: Pound and Rebka, measurement of gravitational red-shift

1960: Matthews and Sandage, optical identification of a quasar

1961: Sheldon Glashow, introduces neutral intermediate boson of electro-weak interactions

1961: Jeoffrey Goldstone, Theory of massless particles in spontaneous symmetry breaking (Goldstone boson)

1961: Gell-Mann and Ne'eman, The eightfold way, SU(3) octet symmetry of hadrons

1961: Robert Hofstadter, necleons have an internal structure

1961: Ghiorso, Sikkeland, Larsh, Latimer, element 103, lawrencium

1961: Edward Lorenz, chaos theory

1962: Lederman, Steinberger, Schwartz, evidence for more than one type of neutrino

1963: Samios et al, Baryon Omega minus found

1963: Schmidt, Greensite, Sandage, quasars are distant

1964: Brout, Englert, Higgs, Higgs mechanism of symmetry breaking

1964: Hoyle, Taylor, Zeldovich, big bang nucleosynthesis of helium

1964: Steven Weinberg, baryon number is probably not conserved

1964: Christenson, Cronin, Fitch, Turlay, CP violation in weak interactions

1964: Gell-Mann, Zweig, quark theory of hadrons

1964: Salpeter and Zel'dovich, black holes power quasars and radio galaxies

1964: Salam, Ward, SU(2)xU(1) model of electro-weak unification

1965: Thomas Kibble, Higgs mechanism for Yang-Mills theory

1965: Greenberg, Han, Nambu, SU(3) colour symmetry to explain statistics of quark model

1965: Penzias and Wilson, detection of the cosmic background radiation

1965: Dicke, Peebles, Roll, Wilkinson, indentification of cosmic background radiation

1966: X-ray source Cygnus X-1 discovered

1967: Steven Weinberg, electro-weak unification

1968: Joseph Weber, first attempt at a gravitational wave detector

1969: Kendall, Friedman, Taylor Deep inelastic scattering experiments find structure inside protons.

1969: Raymond Davis, solar neutrino detector

1970: Stephen Hawking, the surface area of a black holes event horizon always increases

1971: Kenneth Wilson, the operator product expansion and the renormalisation group for the strong force

1971: Bolton, Murdin, Webster Cygnus X-1 identified as black hole candidate

1972: Fritsch, Gell-Mann, Bardeen , Quantum Chromodynamics

1972: Salam, Pati, SU(4)xSU(4) unification and proton decay

1972: Tom Bolton Cygnus X-1 identified as black hole

1973: Ostriker and Peebles, dark matter in galaxies

1973: CERN, Evidence of weak neutral currents

1973: Klebesadel, Strong, Olson, Gamma Ray Bursts are cosmic

1974: Taylor and Hulse, binary pulsar and relativistic effects

1974: Stephen Hawking, black hole radiation and thermodynamics

1976: Levine and Vessot precision test of gravitational time dilation on rocket

1977: Fermilab, bottom quark

1977: Klaus von Klitzing, quantum Hall effect

1977: Tifft, Gregory, Joeveer, Einasto, Thompson, clusters chains and voids in galaxy dustributions

1977: Berkley, dipole anisotropy on cosmic background radiation

1978: Taylor and Hulse, evidence for gravitational radiation of binary pulsar?

1978: Prescott, Taylor, elctro-weak effect on electron polarisation

1979: Walsh, Carswell, Weymannquasar doubled by gravitational lensing

1979: DESY, evidence for gluons in hadron Jets

1980: Frederick Reines, Evidence of Neutrino oscillations

1980: DESY, measurement of gluon spin

1982: limits on proton lifetime rule out many Grand Unified Theories

1983: Carlo Rubbia et al, W and Z bosons at CERN

1986: Bednorz and Mueller, high temperature superconductivity

1987: Masatoshi Koshibas, detection of neutrinos from a supernova

1989: SLAC, evidence that number of light neutrinos is 3 from Z width

1990: John Mather, black body spectrum of cosmic background radiation from COBE

1991: CERN, confirmation that number of light neutrinos is 3

1991: BATSE, Gamma Ray Burst distribution is isotropic

1992: Mather and Smoot, angular fluctuations in cosmic background radiation with COBE

1994: Hubble Space Telescope, Evidence for black hole at the centre of galaxy M87

1995: Mayor and Queloz, first extra-solar planet orbiting an ordinary star

1996: Steven Lamoreaux, measurement of Casimir force?

1997: BepoSAX, location of Gamma Ray Bursts demonstrates that they are extragalactic

1997: SLAC, photon-photon scattering produces electron-positron pairs

1998: Super-Kamiokande, neutrino oscillation demonstrated

1998: CERN, Fermilab, time reversal assymetry observed for K meson decay

2000: Fermilab, tau neutrino observed

## Thursday, November 22, 2007

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