Friday, January 5, 2018

I Need To Give This Lecture About Whether Life Spontaneously Arises From Chemistry In The Universe

Here it is in a half filled in sketch from this morning.  I might try to present some of it at a Nerd Night (20 minute talk and slides.  not sure how much I can get into 20 minutes)

I will need to find or create some cool animated videos and put together some images...

This page describes many of the topics with pictures and videos


what is life?  I'm gonna take you through some history of different conceptions of what is life to the brink of thinking that life is way too unusual and complex and must be designed (God or at least Cosmological Anthropic Principle)... to an alternative view that we can't conclude this... and then to new developments that give us hope that we can find a more general scientific quest for many kinds of life in many kinds of universes

Some 10s of thousands of years ago (look at cave paintings and burials?) we awoke to this incredibly intense complex inner experience.  the experience of our minds blew our minds!

this lead us to believe that creative mind was infused in the cosmos was the very foundation to the cosmos (Gods)

Lucretius, though, reports an alternative view: atomistic hypothesis for molecular biology of the developing chick in the egg, Wildly spot on hypothesis, but no experimental science to back it up.  THAT took about 1400 years to get started.

so there always seemed like a continuum of life forms from slime on up to animals except soul is added to make men (maybe some pets)  (i should see though, what aristotle thought of all this, he LIKED biology, and observed well), This sentiment existed even among scientists even up to the 17th century

finally once science got going in the west, Redi dispells that animals spontaneously form from slime. by keeping flies off of rotting meat with gauze he showed that no maggots spontaneously formed. Life and Slime are diff phenomenon.

but then leeuvenhoek confuses the issue.  why his discovery so muddy (150 years to clear up) and gailelos telescope so clear!  well... the biology of pond water WAS way muddier than the paltry few orbs in th solar system.  also apparently it turns out that it is VERY hard to make a good microscope, leeuvenhoek was something of a genius craftsman and wouldn't share how he made his lenses!  so for a hundred and fifty years it again looked like life existed in smaller and simpler versions all the way down to the tiniest specks (living or nonliving) we could see in microscopes, and hard it was to determine what we were seeing.

but by the mid 19th century,  3 things:
1) pasteur, leiden, schwann, koch: even Leevenhoeks animalcules, (microscopes were better by here), they ARE distinct from slime and they ONLY come from each other, no spontaneous generation.  in fact, ALL life comes in the form of cells giving birth to one another.  life, cells, NEVER spontaneously form from slime!

2) the science of chemistry begins to clarify

3) darwin: all life is a continuous lineage of grandmother to grandmother from the ur cell to us.


1905: trio of Boltzman, plank to einstein, perrin, xray diffraction nails that matter does IN FACT come in discrete parts!  atoms and molecules!  we can start looking for a mechanical basis for life.

avogadros number: most of you learned it and your chemistry teachers probably didn't spend the time to drive home its profound implications for human intellectual history.  what a criminal act!  The fact that there are TRILLIONS of interacting parts available to make life as subtle and creative as it is, is a profound discovery.

it's not that atoms are so tiny, it's that WE ARE HUMOUNGUS. we are societies of a trillion of those microscopic single celled amoebas (and thinking? experience? is it therefore the conversation that ensues when billions of them have conversations in our brains?  we STILL don't know what human thinking IS),

And each of these living amoeba is a whorlwind of more interacting molecular nanorobots than there are bricks in all of new york city!

what does this insight give us?

by the 20th century, chemistry is mature, we start discovering the heteropolymers: proteins, DNA, the network of 100s of discrete reactions that is biochemistry of life, and we begin thinking that we can ferret out the abiotic origins of life from bare chemistry. It seemed like an achievable goal.

[what is the history during all this of 'elan vital'?  that life could not POSSIBLY have a mechanistic explanation?]



By the 1960s we see that it's not so simple:

[give a picture of Life as a basically a network of 800 different interlocking chemical reactions between 100 different small molecules.  make a wall size animation]

by itself chem looks like this: [make an animation of the dozens of chem reactions in a flame or at least doszens of chem reactions that makes broad patterns in the BZ reaction, a little complex, but not terribly organized, not 100s of different parts!]

life makes it's network of reactions FAR MORE intricate with its set of 1000 different enzymes/proteins/nanorobots that select the specific reactions out of the possible chemical chaos.

but how does this cast of 1000 nanorobots come about?

show a wall size animation of the core: set of 100 nanorobots (proteins and RNA) that can reproduce themeselves and the whole show.  self replicating life.

there is a HUGE GAP between the bare chemistry we know of in the lab and this..  we don't know how to breach!

CURRENT Origins of Life RESEARCH almost wants to find the excact route to how this particular version of earthlife formed. NASA wants to 'follow the water' and find DNA and amino acids.

BUT THIS IS THE WRONG way to go about it!!  They will miss all the good stuff!

If we were to find a single sequence of events that reproduces how life on earth formed step by step from nonliving chemicals... and even if we found the same kind of life on other planets... but NO OTHER ALTERNATE KINDS of life, where would that leave us?  We'd have to conclude that life is a very rare contingent phenomenon, a chance draw of luck out of the zillions of possibilities in the universe.

without any variations on a theme for life in this univrse, we would basically not be able to call studying life a science at all. there'd be no generalizations we could make.

we might even conclude that the universe is uniquely designed to exactly produce this kind of life, after all, if we were to alter  ANY of the physical constants of physics by the mere thousandth or milionth of a percent, stars wouldn't even form, or atoms beyond Helium wouldn't form, no planets, no chemsitry, no life.

This line of thinking goes along the name of Cosmological Anthropic Principle.  It could even lead to conclude that the universe was designed by a God.  well... why NOT?  the more we study physics and the universe, the more we find some VERY STRANGE things.  and we don't even understand what 95% of the observable universe is made out of (we call that portion dark matter and dark energy)

Instead of looking for just one path to just one kind of life, lets try to place life in a broader range of possible chemical systems that can become complex.

silverchloride swarms  these are silver chloride particles in suspension in solution of sulphuric acid and hydrogen peroxide which under UV alternately repell and attract each other producing weird patterns

Belouzov Zhabotinsky reaction: here we start with 5 simple chemicals and watch it unfold and it unfolds into a swirl of dozens of chemicals and reactions and all the while from homogenous begining develops long range spiral patterns

CIMA: a similar kind of reaction produces all sorts of patterns, even self reproducing blobs that swarm around the petri dish

and there are differential equations that can mimic CIMA and produce those curious self reproducing blobs. 

there is even a generalized version of conway life (see below...), Larger than Life, that ALSO produces those self reproducing moving blobs.... VERY curious

and even the multichambered 'chemical gardens' that grow at alkali deep sea vents that i will describe later...

conway life (some of these are spelled out on this page with pictures)
langton's ant (ditto)
langton's, Sayama's, Byl's self replicating loops
Tom Ray's evolving reproducing computer programs...

Each of these is a kind of miniature universe with its own simple laws of phyics that we can follow step by step, and in each, curious complex patterns can form from simple sets of rules, simple starting conditions...

So now after exploring this breadth of complexity, there are two more ideas that lead us to find an alternative to this narrow bind of the Cosmological Anthropic Principle or Intelligent Design..

1) wolfram's book A New Kind Of Science (i know, an insufferable book by an insufferable ass so full of himself that he ignores all research outside of his own and even gets many things WRONG because of that, and his outlook is rather odd... BUT...  he has spent hundreds of hours watching patterns form in these simple systems...

remember, we thought of Conway's life and Langton's ant as little miniature alternative universes with their own chemistries and each produces some interesting 'critters'.  What wolfram shows is that there are DOZENS of classes of these discrete dynamical systems.  and in each class there is a certain range of systems that are computationaly universal, that is...even conway life, we can build a giant pattern that works like a computer out of all those blinkers and glider guns that form in it and with that computer... we can simulate ANY of the
other alternate kinds of dynamical systems... What Wolfram shows is that for each style of math system, there are a range of them that can simulate any other kind.

2)  In "The Theory Of Everything", Laughlin and Pines explain that we do NOT know how to predict the macroscopic patterns that we see in the universe just from an understanding of the microphysics (laws of physics and quantum mechanics)...

These two lines of thought lead us to the following reasoning:  Yes it is true as the Anthropic principle people say... that if we shift even one of the laws of physics in the slightest we won't get suns, atoms, planets, chemistry and earthlife.  BUT by laughlin and pines' reasoning we can't predict WHAT WE WOULD GET INSTEAD, maybe something just as interesting?
Well... by Wolfram's examples with alternate mathematical systems... it seems possible that a significant proportion out of an uncountably infinite number of variations on physics are at least rich enough to be able to simulate any other.  Even if as in Wolfram's example of a simple cellular automata taking a huge amount of space and time to run a simulation of another one, an alternate universe might develop lifelike patterns on scales unimaginably huge or slow that can simulate our physics, but for creatures in that physics, they wouldn't know it was a totally different scale than life in our universe... after all... WE are HUGE AND SLOW compared to the basic molecular level of interactions that simulates US.

blows anthropic principle out of water

my goal then is to show that in the phase space of all possible physicses, lifelike complexity is not a rare contingent phenomenon, it's a basic mathematical property of any number of kinds of physicses.  no need for physics to be carefully designed!

that's a 10,000 year project, what of near future?


where willl we find this chemsitry?

describe the amazing adventure: in 1970 we sent the voyager II space craft on an immense 10 year journey... and we found so many different worlds... each with its own version of geochemsitry, each similar and different than Earth.  hints of an ocean under the frozen surface of Jupiter's moon europa. Sulfur volcanos on Io.  We sent more crafts... Cassini to Saturn, New Horizons to Pluto, Dawn to the Asteroids Vesta and Ceres...  More hints of internal oceans, more geochemistries.

Cassini flew through ERUPTING GUYSERS coming out of Saturn's moon enceladus.  It DOES have an internal ocean, and not only that, Cassini tasted the vapors coming out of those plumes: It detected silicate, carbonate minerals in the water.  and after much careful analysis: molecular hydrogen: H2.  what does THAT mean?

at same time we discovered deep sea vents.  and even alkaline deep sea vents... waht are they? Martin and Russel where inspired when Russel's son, discoverd one day in a fit of anger that his magic rock garden crystals (the ones you buy at the store and grow in a solution in a jar) were HOLLOW.  Russel noticed that these were slightly similar to the silicate chimneys that grow at the deep sea vents.

Chemistry is actually capable of alot: deep sea water seeps into cracks in the ocean floor and flows deep into the hot mantle of the earth were there are minerals called olivines.  down there, olivines are not in equilibrium with water, so chemical reactions occur, heat is produced, and alkali solutions are produced along with molecular H2.  this is the serpentinization reaction (the olivine is converted into the mineral serpentine).

these solutions rise back to the surface rock at the ocean floor.  this time it is the alkali solution and the H2 that is not at equilibrium with the slightly acid and CO2 rich ocean waters (especially so in conditions before photosynthesis evolved to produce oxygen in the atmosphere).  reduced iron and sulfides also issue forth and when all this meets the cold ocean waters... they build frothy chemical gardens.  these are silicate structures that are full of millions of microscopic chambers, alkaline rich on the inside, acid on the outside, H2 on the inside, and H+ on the outside.  with catalytic iron and nickel sulfides embedded in the walls. 

These structures curiously, closely mimic how living cells today are built, and in fact, these structrures have the potential to engage in reaction cycles that build up organic molecules out of the CO2 and H2 in some ways similar to how the molecular biology of life does.  Active research is being done on this now.

and we have hints that this is now happening deep in the other oceans across the solar system!

And this is just ONE example being explored.

lets not discount the non ocean planets: Io with its crazy sulfur volcanoes, Venus with it's high temperature and pressure acid atmosphere that however has some regions which, again, are oxidized and some reduced... 

And Titon: another moon (of Saturn) with an ocean underneath a frozen ice surface, but... it's so cold that its atmosphere is not boiled off, and its atmosphere?  Nitrogen like ours but with copious amounts of methane and ethane which because it is so far from the sun and cold, can ... condense into methane rain!  Titan has methane and ammonia rain and rivers and lakes and clouds... running its 'hydrological' cycle on top of the frozen ice 'rocks' which itself is over an ocean which sits on a warm mantle of silicate rock...  are there water guysers there too mixing chemistries with the methane hydrocycle?  more exploration...

In Titan's atmosphere... there may be a kind of metabolic cycle with solar radiation converting ethane to high energy bonded ethene, which rains to the clouded surface where chemcial reactions with it relese energy and turn it back to ethane.  all the while solar radiation and cosmic rays are cooking the nitrogen and methane into complex goops of organic molecules which slowly snow down to the surface...  These also occur on Pluto and Triton (moon of Neptune)...

There is SUCH A VARIETY OF 'GEOCHEMISTRIES' out there.  we need to stretch our minds, who knows what we might find.

are a couple dozen planets and moons not enough for you?  for the past 20 years we've been discovering OTHER SOLAR SYSTEMS around other stars.  seems almost EVERY star has planets, planets in even more different arrangements than what we have... the possibilities are truly endless.

will we get to explore these too?  current technology would take hundreds of years to get conventional space craft to them... but we keep inventing new shit, we keep discovering new shit.  400 years ago we dind't even know the moving dots in the sky were suns and planets.  It was only a 100 years ago that we began dreaming that we could actually fly to them.  20 years ago, we din't even think we could SEE those exoplanets so bleeedin far away...


so along with the range of chemical systems we are begining to explore, this planetary exploration will hopefully push us into broadening the range of chemical systems we start studying and the synergy between our chemistry exploration and the pattern formation in all those mathematical dynamical systems...

hopefully we can not only bridge the gap between bare chemnistry [show the flame chemistry video] and this tight surprising clusterfuck of interlocking bewildering complexity at the core of earthlife [show the video of the core molec bio of DNA to Ribosomes to Proteins to DNA], we will also be able to find enough alternate examples like it to show that it is not an unexplainable singularity, but a basic consequence of mathematics itself, a creative process we can explore and take part in.  To be gods ourselves.


Tuesday, August 8, 2017

It IS Cyperus Esculentus, the Nut Sedge

so the other day i found a slightly different sedge, and looking carefully at the flowerspikes i decided it was a different species, and today i dug it up and found tubers:

here is Cyperus strigosus, which i see all over the place in moderately damp situatio s.  you can see it in the foreground, very full and spikey.  Behind it is a taller looser yellower sedge.

here is a closer comparison, C. strigosus on the right

even closer, notice strigosus on the right has long thin green keeled flower scales while the plant on the left has more smaller stubby browner scales

so, today i went back and dug up one of the flimsier sedges and found tubers. that's a tuber growing off of one of the roots beneath the sedge. It's Cyperus esculentus, nut sedge.  the tubers are supposed to be edible.  if i find a bigger mature patch maybe i will try.  probly gotta boil or roast them?

I will try posting my pics and drawings of 18 sedge species later.

Sunday, July 30, 2017

reviewing sedges and rushes

worked on 13 species/speimens this week

here's a a little seed from... Eleocharis.. engelmanni?

i'll go back out to the field to get better shots
what else in my phone?
Scirpus atrovirens

these six lived in a small wet patch.  Ok, so know i know that the big red bunches are actually insect galls on the Juncus acuminatus.  which i also found samples of by my house

Saturday, July 22, 2017

Critters On The Porch!

first we have an ant with a heart shaped butt: genus Cramatogaster
shiny little ant.  you can see the porch railing reflecting on her.

next a dusky Lasius ant.  this ant was VERY fast.  very hard to get a shot.
these ants are about a quater of an inch long..  Lasius you will find making a bunch of tiny volcano entrances to their nest along sidewalks and in other open places

next we have zebra jumping spider.  I should have tried to gt infront of it and get a good mug shot.
ok thats enough for today.

Sunday, July 2, 2017

Towards 100 Nonfiction Books Everyone Should Read

Maybe I'll expand these tweet sized reviews...

*Gregory Bateson, "Mind and Nature"

what processes does a mechanical system need to have to act like a mind? to evolve? are they the same?  concrete vocabulary to ask and answer.

*M. Mitchel Waldrop, "Complexity: the emerging science at the edge of order and chaos"

how do the behaviors of economies, ecosystems, and living organisms come from interactions between their parts?  narratives of this new field

*Alberts et. el. "Molecular Biology of the Cell"

You are a confederation of a TRILLION living amoeba, each amoeba is a dance of more nanotransformer robots than there are bricks in all of NYC

*Charles A. Sorrel and George F. Sandstrom, "Minerals of the World"

how does the chemistry of merely 2 dozen elements create the 1000s of wildly different minerals?  this is one book i learned chemistry from

*Kernighan and Plauger, "Software Tools in Pascal"

how to break down the solution to a complex problem into a toolbag of simple generically usefull tools that you can then use for the next problem

*Robert M. Hazen, "genesis: The Scientific Quest for Life's Origin"

can life have formed only from chemicals?  finally chemists are looking outside of their water filled testtubes for the chemistry at the origins of life.

*Douglas Hofstadter, "Goedel, Escher, Bach",

can a system complex enough to understand itself be too complex to understand?  Goedel's math proof says, YES! a playful romp explaning that

*Barry Goldman, "Complexity Lab Manual (in progress)"

can we understand the origins of this rich fragrant creative living world from first principles of heat flow, chemistry and mathematics?

where does the complexity and creativity life come from?  a michaelangelo like creator or from the chemistry of mud? 100 lab experiments

*greenwood and earnshaw: chemistry of the elements

these are the players: carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, aluminum, iron... and oh boy, the game that they play

*Morrison and Boyd: Organic chemistry

chemistry is not simply colored fluids in beakers... but molecules, each responsive to temperature, pH, solvent, each other. and the responses...

*Dennis Bray: wetware: a computer in every cell

we are a conversation of a trillion living amoeba.  each is a massively parallel computating device that makes your computer look like a toy

*Julian Jaynes, "The Origins of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind"

were the characters in Homer's Illiad conscious? what are kings graves gods and hallucinations?  why do humans organize around leaders?

*James Howard Kunstler, "Geography of Nowhere"

insights in psychological reaction to lived spaces and history and analysis of how we have created the american automobile clusterfuck

*Vicki Hearne, "Adam's Task: Calling Animals by Name"

Can dogs and horses learn to become responsible citizens? yes. do they enjoy excelling at these tasks? yes. good advice on raising kids too.

*John Janovy, "Yellowlegs"

one biologist's journey to follow and enter the life of of a single wild bird, or maybe it's a journey into his own mind as a biologist

*Kaufmann, Walter, "Critique of Religion and Philosophy"

wild journey through philosophy, religion and poetry, "what was once poetry when done spontenaously, becomes religion when routine". also a trip to hell

*Bill Moyers, "A World of Ideas"

amazing insights about human civil and poetic life in interviews with dozens of public figures. should be standard highschool text book.

*David Rindos, "Symbiosis and instability in Agriculture"

we were nomadic hunter gatherers for 100,000s of  years and then in a flash, agriculture took us by surprise and spread like wildfire, how?

*Erick Hawkins, "The Body is a Clear Space"

to Hawkins, dance is not the placements of joints in various positions like marionett puppets, but shared feeling of existence. collected essays.

*"Baghavad Gita"

life eats life to live. biology's messier than that.  then humans evolve to get cought up on petty egos. the HORRIFIC reality and a way back.

*Sidney Mintz, "Sweetness and Power: the Place of Sugar in Modern History"

only read a taste of this.  something about women healers, the church and slavery for sure...

*Jonathan Sacks, "The Dignity of Difference"

christian, islamic, brittish, american... vision for humanity is the soul crushing world swallowing monolith, but there is a another way...

*Joseph Campbell, and Bill Moyers, "the Power of Myth"

life eats life to live. on every level.  our clinging egos are latecomers to the scene and have been reacting in creative horror ever since

*Mary Daly, "Gyn/Ecology: the Metaethics of Radical Feminism"

wild poetic real trip from mother Earth to Athena, to witch burnings, to Nazis to Medical industry to the mother....

*Annie Dillard, "The Writing Life"

writing is brutal.  this is a beautiful book

*Mary Catherine Bateson, "In a Daughters Eye: A memoir of Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson"

growing up with two fascinating anthropologist/biologist parents

*M. Scott Peck, "The Road Less Traveled"

the art of learning to listen to another, is very hard. is necessary

*Richard Eliot Friedman, "Torah and commentary",

old testament is an interlocking poetry puzzle that each generation must solve for themselves. hebrew text, translation and commentary shows how

*Robert Alter, "The Art of Biblical Narrative"

essays describing the mechanics portrayed in Friedman's book

*Bloom and Rosenberg, "the Book of J"

was the core of the old testement a finely crafted ironic critique of religion written by a woman writing in solomon's court?

*Vernon Amadjian and Surindar Paracer?, "Symbiosis: An Introduction to Biological Associations"

lush detailed examples of range of biological associations from deadly parasitic to mutually beneficial symbioses. do organisms have boundaries?

all the different stories of creatures living inside each other

worms that travel between snail and raccoon, fungi that

*Lynn Margulis and Karlene Schwartz, "Five Kingdoms: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth"

100 phyla of critters out there that are more different from each other than plants are from animals, by lifecycle and molecular mechanics

*E. C. Pielou, "After the Ice Age: the return of life to glaciated north america"

lush details of how our landscape and ecosystem grew back together as the Glaciers retreated over 10,000 years. today's stability is not the norm

*Mark Winston, "Biology of the Honeybee"

learn the intimate life of a space alien, the over 270 different skills they have. how they create a complex superorganism without no leaders

*Borror and White, "Peterson's Field Guide to Insects",

there may be a dozen kinds of mammals lurking 'round your back yard, but you can find at least 500 kinds of insects living there.

*Jack Harlan, "Crops and Man"

the complex ecology and evolution of weeds, humans and crops. how it all got started in multiple places in multiple ways.

*Holling Clancy Holling, "Pagoo"

follow the story of a young hermit crab growing up in the sea. jam packed with lush illustrations of all kinds of sea critters and biology

*John C. Kricher and Gordon Morrison, "Field Guide to Eastern Forests",

go out and see how your landscape is knit together by the myriad creatures, get to know some of them.  great details of ecological processes

*"Golden Guide to Pond Life",
stick it in your back pocket and get to know what's happening at a pond near you.  from microscopic anamalcules to turtles and raccoons

*Buchsbaum, "Animals Without Backbones"

detailed biology of ALL the squishy critters.  fun.

detailed biology of amoeba, jellyfish, parasitic worms, starfish, lobsters, octopi,

*George W. Barlow, "The Cichlid Fishes: Nature's Grand Experiment in Evolution"

A lake in africa where a 1000 species of fish evolved quickly. they explore every niche, have elaborate mating rituals, raise their young...

*L. David Mech and Luigi Boitani, "Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation"

wolves r the most geographically and ecologically widespread mammals besides us.  they are also more civilized. we've hated them throughout history

*Donald Kroodsma, "The Singing Life of Birds"

only 50 years ago we start LISTENING to birds.  they are singing elaborate creative patterns with rules.  we don't yet know what they are saying

*Menno Schilthuizen, "Frogs, Flies, and Dandelions: Speciation -- the evolution of new species"

it's not just astroturf, humans and hotdogs out there.  a 1000 creative species out your window.  how does it happen?  here are some fun examples

*David Arora, "Mushrooms Demystified"

it was fungi, taught the green plants to live on dry land, and fungi learned to digest their wooden skeletons.  (and everything else) a field guide, learn them!

*William Morton Wheeler, "The Fungus Growing Ants of North America"

how one ant sized mother eventually raises up a city of a million children the size of your living room. in south america, they are in charge.

*Paul Colinvaux, "Why Big Fierce Animals Are Rare",

2 dozen tales of how our world is knit together at the biological and chemical scale

*Lewis Thomas, "The Lives of a Cell",

these little biology essays got me started in highschool on lifelong expeditions of the biological world. 

*Paul Colinvaux, "Ecology"

textbook.  the beef.  all the parts.  plants animal mineral.  how they weave together.

*Michael Procter, Peter Yeo and Andrew Lack, "The Natural History of Pollination"

the elaborate mating dances between flowers bees and wasps.  yes, wasps and orchids are having sex with each other! humans aint so weird.

*Frank Shu, "The Physical Universe: an Introduction to Astronomy"

read about, do the physics of the grand drama between gravity and the 2nd law of thermodynamics which creates all the structures of our universe

calculate how much energy the pulsar looses to glow of the crab nebula, then how far back in time it began in an explosion. yes one was recorded there 1000 years ago!

*John Janovy, "On Becoming a Biologist"

biology is a unique science half way between chemistry and geology, @ the human scale, ready to teach us if we listen to the critters.

*Gerald Holton and Stephen Brush, "Introduction to the Concepts and Theories in Phyiscs"

why trust science?  each theory takes a 100 years of exacting observation, brutally honest constructive criticism, back and forth before being woven into a stable edifice

learn how hard, how long, with what back and forth confusion to wrest basic facts of science: heat is energy of motion of atoms that make up matter

*Philip Davis and Reuben Hersh, "The Mathematical Experience"

history and exercizes of the mathematician's art. details. what IS mathematics? whimsical creation of the human mind or bedrock of reality?

*Guy Alexander, "Silica and Me"

thin. easy read. how does a scientist make sense of puzzling experiments? beautiful details. learn some chemistry. geology is silica.  read it.

*"Statistics the Easy Way"

statistics is some subtle complex shit. properties of distributions of multiple samples of distributions... first book that helped me understand

if you take a 100 different random samples of a bag of 40 red and 60 blue marbles, how does the average # of red in all samples relate to 40/100?

how many random samples of 30 people in a city does it take so that the total average of the average height of each sample is close to the average height in the whole city?  statistics is subtle complex shit. this book taught me.

n different random samples of people in a city, each of size m. what must n and m be so that the total average of the average height of each sample is close to the average height in the whole city?  statistics is subtle complex shit. this book taught me.

*Duncan C. Blanchard, "From Raindrops to Volcanoes"

a delightful romp through observation and experiment.  how to collect microscopic water drops in sea spray? have a baby spider build you a net...

one scientists experimental journey to understand rain. how to collect microscopic water drops in sea spray? have a baby spider build you a net...

*Richard Feynman, "The Meaning of it All",
*Richard Feynman, "The Pleasure of Finding Things Out",

science as a way of life of exploration, being able to live without certainty, striving for brutal honesty, is it valuble for human society?

*Richard feynman: six easy pieces

master physicist introduces you to his craft.  whats the most profound sentence of science knowlege? what is energy? gravity?  whats batshit insane about the quantum world?

*Wilson: 4 colors suffice: how the map problem was solved

math is weird: 5 color theorm takes only 9 pages to go over 5 cases, you can do it! but 4 color theorem takes a computer to go over 1400 cases!

*Einstein and Infeld: the evolution of physics

from the masters.  first time i understood what soundwaves were, how light works

*rebecca stott: darwin and the barnacle

get inside the very human world of Charles Darwin as he spends 20 years to hone his craft before daring to explain his world shattering theory

Monday, June 26, 2017

fire flies, central park, nyc

come summer in New York City,
the fireflies would apear in central park
and then at dusk the bats would come flitting out.
bats and fireflies,
bats chasing fireflies,
bats devouring the firefly crop.
lighness and dark.

one night there was a dance performance at summerstage and these woman were behind these tubs dancing as if they were washing their hair and then all of a sudden they all dip their hair in the tubs and swirl their heads up and...

there was REAL WATER in the tubs and these arcs of water went up into the air lit by the lighting and down...

all over the stage


'cause the women were still dancing

and even on the slippery wet stage they kept dancing

and all through it fireflies flitting between them

and the bats

Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Math Puzzle Time: surround three

So that's the puzzle.  I think this was mixed up in my mind with something called frustrated systems and maybe generally, can crystal growth come up with something arbitrarily complexity.  At first I found plenty of boring solutions:

Even radially symmetric ones

Even spirals!

but were there TRULY CREATIVE solutions possible?  Two weeks later, it came to me:

Now... can I write an algorithm to do that?  Better yet, a set of local cellular automata rules that force it?  Better yet... is there a mineral out there that does this?

Can anyone find other kinds of solutions?